Diesel fuel produces many harmful emissions when being burnt. It is the result of harmful pollutants, e.g. ground level o-ozone and particulate matter.
About 22 gallons of carbon dioxide gets produced when a gallon of diesel fuel is burned. Carbon dioxide is linked to global climate change on a large scale.
Diesel fuel still contributes significantly to air pollution all over the world as it will take a long time for new cleaner burning diesel vehicles to replace older vehicles.
Some particles produced from diesel within the air can be big or dark enough to be seen as soot or smoke, but most are fine particulate matter.
Particulate matter is produced from the release of chemicals within diesel. Particulate matter is composed of small objects, such as:
- liquid droplets
These materials then become a part of buildings, changing the colour to a black film like material – not attractive at all.
However, there have been products produced to reduce and diminish the look of black soot on buildings and roofs here.
Diesel engine exhaust fumes have the possibility to cause cancer and it has been suggested that diesel fumes belong in the same category as asbestos and arsenic according to the World Health Organisation. Diesel fumes can cause severe lung injury as well.
It can also include minor irritation:
- Irritation to the eyes and skin
- Irritation to respiratory system